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  • Ford EcoBoost Engine: Its Beginning and Types

    Ford, along with FEV engineering, manufactured engines with “EcoBoost” technology as early as 2007.  This line included turbocharged, direct injected petrol engines.  The main benefit of this line was to deliver the same amount of power and torque as larger engines, while achieving 20% better fuel efficiency and emitting 15% less greenhouse emissions.  It was also more affordable and versatile than hybrid and diesel engines.

    There were many types of these engines produced over the past few years.  The plants where these engines were produced are as follows:

    V-6: Cleveland Engine Plant No. 1 in Brookpark, Ohio.
    2.0 L I-4: Ford Valencia Engine Plant in Spain.
    1.6 L I-4: Ford Bridgend Engine Plant in the United Kingdom.
    I-3: Ford Cologne Engine Plant in Germany and Ford Romania.

    V-6 EcoBoost

    There are two types that have or will be produced.  The 3.5 L EcoBoost V-6 was first featured in the 2007 Lincoln MKR Concept under the name of TwinForce.  It was designed to deliver equivalent torque and power to a typical 6.0 L V8 or larger, while having 15% better fuel efficiency and fewer greenhouse gas emissions.  It was rated to have 415 hp and 400 lb-ft of torque, while running on E85 fuel.

    When the same prototype engine appeared again in the Concept at the 2008 North American International Auto Show, this is when the engine name was changed to EcoBoost.  Official production began at Ford’s Cleveland Engine Plant No. 1 on May 19, 2009.

    There is expected to be a 2.7 L V-6 option in the 2015 Ford F-150, with an expected 320 hp and 370 lb-ft of torque.  It is being built at the Lima Ford Engine Plant.

    EcoBoost I-4

    There are two types currently in production:  A 1.6L that replaces larger-displacement, naturally-aspirated I4 engines, and a 2.0L that replaces smaller-displacement, naturally-aspirated V6 engines.  They were officially announced at the 2009 Frankfurt Motor Show.

    The 1.6 L was first shown in the 2009 Lincoln C Concept, with a rating of 180 hp and 180 lb-ft of torque.  The European version is similar, though with less horsepower, just 150 or 160 hp (depending on the model).  This engine is used in the British Formula Ford Championship and in the World Rally Championship.

    The 2.0 L version was first shown in the 2008 Explorer America Concept model, with a hp rating of 275 and a 280 lb-ft of torque.  This engine is the first to have Twin-Independent Variable Cam Timing and can achieve 10-20% greater fuel economy while still providing the performance of a 3.0-liter V6 engine.

    A third type, the 1.5 L EcoBoost I-4, has been officially confirmed.  It is a variation of the 1.6 L engine.  This 1.5 version will be used in the new Ford Fusion, plus other yet-to-be-determined models, though candidates include the Fiesta, Focus, Transit Connect, and Escape.

    EcoBoost I-3

    A 1.0 L EcoBoost I-3 is currently produced at the Ford Dunton Technical Centre in the UK.  Production for this engine was started in April 2012.  There are two types: 74 kW and 88-92 kW.  The 88-92 kW engine can deliver up to 125 lb-ft of torque in normal mode, 148 lb-ft of torque in overboost mode.  The engine block is made of cast iron instead of aluminum; this leads to the engine warming up 50% faster, but also weighs more.

    It was announced at the 2012 Los Angeles Auto Show that this engine will be available in the North American market, beginning with the new 2014 Fiesta Sedan and Hatchback.

    Conclusion

    Ford developed the EcoBoost Engine to improve the fuel efficiency of its vehicles, while also reducing the amount of greenhouse gas emissions.  Instead of utilizing the popular hybrid and diesel engines, Ford was looking for something that was more cost-efficient and versatile, and in cooperation with FEV engineering, was able to develop this more efficient, more environmentally-friendly engine.  It has been developed into several different types and used in several different models of vehicles since it was originally known as “TwinForce” in 2007.

    Check out all of the Ford EcoBoost vehicles to see which model will best fit your needs and lifestyle.
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